All Is Well on the Eastern Front?
North Korea prepares to attack (Feb. 2013)
China has appealed for calm on the Korean peninsula, hours after North Korea said it had scrapped all peace pacts with the South and threatened pre-emptive nuclear strikes.
China, the North’s only major ally, said all sides should continue to talk and avoid “further escalation“.
Pyongyang has reacted angrily to another round of sanctions imposed by the UN over its recent nuclear test. The sanctions restrict luxury goods imports and banking activities. Beijing provides fuel, food and diplomatic cover to Pyongyang. It has repeatedly voted in favour of UN sanctions imposed over the nuclear programme, but enforcement of the measures in China is patchy.
Hua Chunying of China’s foreign ministry told a news conference on Friday: “China and North Korea have normal country relations. At the same time, we also oppose North Korea’s conducting of nuclear tests.
The threatened pre-emptive nuclear strike seems more bluff than reality, since the North’s leaders know it would be suicidal, and an attack on the US seems impracticable given the still technically rudimentary quality of the North’s ballistic missile programme and the unproven state of its nuclear miniaturisation technology needed to place a nuclear warhead atop a missile.
A more troubling possibility is that the North might choose – out of irritation with the UN – to precipitate a border clash with South Korea, either on land or sea, as it did in 2010.
Will sanctions persuade or provoke?
“China calls on the relevant parties to be calm and exercise restraint and avoid taking any further action that would cause any further escalations.”
Chinese and US officials drafted the UN resolution passed on Thursday.
It contains similar measures to earlier resolutions, but the US said it had significantly strengthened the enforcement mechanisms.
In response, the North Korean regime published a message on the official KCNA news agency saying it had cancelled all non-aggression pacts with the South.
The two Koreas have signed a range of agreements over the years, including a 1991 pact on resolving disputes and avoiding military clashes.
However, analysts say the deals have had little practical effect.
The KCNA report detailed other measures including:
- cutting off the North-South hotline, saying there was “nothing to talk to the puppet group of traitors about”
- closing the main Panmunjom border crossing inside the Demilitarized Zone that separates the two countries
- pulling out of the armistice that ended the Korean War.
The North also claimed it had a right to launch a pre-emptive nuclear strike against its enemies.
The threat drew an angry response from the South’s defence ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok, who said that the North would become “extinct from the Earth by the will of mankind” if it took such an action.
The US State Department said such “extreme rhetoric” was not unusual, but said the US was well-protected.
to appeal for: to ask for again
to scrap: to desist, to stop
escalation: an increase or rise
a round: a number of
to impose: to apply to
enforcement: making sure the rules or laws are followed
bluff: a deception or lie
unproven: without being tested or proved
clash: a fight or friction between
restraint: the act of desisting or placing obstacles to the probability that something occurs
drafted: to put together, to come up with, to print
cutting off: separating
pulling out of: to exit or leave
to draw a response: to invite an answer to
rhetoric: language used, terms